1. Title: Editor's Note
  2. Title: June Weather
  3. Title: Senate Bill 1
October 24 - October 30, 2017
Editor(s): Mary Griffith
  1. Weather Outlook

    Author(s): Jim Noel

    The weather and climate pattern has been on a real roller coaster ride and it is expected to continue right into spring.

    Currently, the climate models are struggling to deal with the ocean conditions in the Pacific Ocean. Most models have been forecasting an El Nino this winter into spring and it just has not happened as of this time. In addition, without an El Nino or La Nina going on, this creates greater uncertainty in our weather and climate. It appears this may at least last into early spring.

    February is shaping up to be wet with significant temperatures swings. Rainfall is forecast to range from about 2 inches in far northern Ohio to possibly 6 in southern Ohio over the next two weeks. Combine the rain with recent snowmelt and icemelt and conditions will be very wet and muddy.

    Many climate models are suggesting a warmer and drier than normal spring but based on recent trends, it appears to be shaping up to be normal or wetter than normal into April but uncertainty is high. 

    The latest two week rainfall map is attached. You can see a very heavy rain event for portions of the Ohio Valley in the next two weeks. 

    You can see updated potential for flooding at the NOAA/NWS/OHRFC flood briefing pages:


    The 16-day rainfall potential map is located here:


    You can also see updated seasonal outlooks at the NOAA/NWS/OHRFC seasonal briefing pages here:


  2. 2018 eFields Research Report Available January 9th

    High quality, relevant information is key to making the right management decisions for your farm. The eFields program at The Ohio State University was created to provide local information about critical issues for Ohio agriculture. The 2018 eFields Research Report highlighting 95 on-farm, field scale trials conducted in 25 Ohio counties will be released on January 9th. Research topics include nutrient management, precision seeding, crop management, soil compaction management, remote sensing, and data analysis and management. To help identify trial locations that are similar to your operation, each study includes information about weather, soil types, and management practices. Additionally, economic analysis was added to select trials this year. QR codes that link to videos featuring the researchers and partner farmers are available in the report.

    The 2018 report is now available in both a print and e-version. To receive a printed copy, contact your local OSU Extension office or email digitalag@osu.edu. The e-version can be viewed and downloaded at go.osu.edu/eFields.

    The eFields team has planned four regional results meetings to discuss local results and gather information about research interests for 2019. There is no cost to attend; for more information or to register for a meeting, visit go.osu.edu/eFieldsMeeting. Please plan to join us for the meeting nearest you:

                Southwest Region: February 13th, 9AM-12PM, Wilmington

                Northwest Region: February 20th, 9AM-12PM, Wauseon

                East Region: February 27th, 5-8:30PM, Massillon

                West Central Region: February 28th, 9AM-12PM, Piqua

    We would like to sincerely thank all of our 2018 collaborating farms and industry partners. The eFields team enjoys working with each of you and we are looking forward to continuing to learn together in 2019.

    Follow our social media @OhioStatePA on Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram or subscribe to our quarterly newsletter, Digital Ag Download (go.osu.edu/DigitalAgDownload), to keep up with the eFields program throughout the year. For more information on how to get involved in eFields in 2019, contact Elizabeth Hawkins at hawkins.301@osu.edu.

  3. Corn Newsletter Reader Survey – Reminder

    Author(s): Amanda Douridas

    We’d like to thank all of you who have completed the survey so far. The response has been great. We would still like to hear from those of you who have not completed yet. Our goal is to provide farmers and consultants with accurate, researched based information that helps improve farm efficiency, profitability and sustainability. Completion is voluntary. All survey responses are anonymous and cannot be linked to respondents. Only summary data will be reported. You can complete the survey by going to: https://osu.az1.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_577r8yARYgUZk9f.

    Thank you again for your time and feedback as we strive to meet the needs of our readers.

  4. Winter has seen wild swings in the weather

    Author(s): Jim Noel

    The winter has seen wild swings in the weather and climate from cold to warm to cold.

    The outlook for February calls for this wild swing pattern to continue with periods of cold and mild along with periods of wet, snow and dry. The end result should be temperatures slightly colder than normal for February and precipitation at or above normal. Over the next two weeks precipitation liquid equivalent should average 1.5-2.5 inches over Ohio. Normal is about 1 inch in this period. See attached graphic for details.

    La Nina continues in the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean with cooler than normal waters. This tends to lead to more challenging years in the Ohio Valley for agriculture.

    See: https://www.climate.gov/enso

    The outlook for March through May planting season continues to calls for a gradual switch from cooler than normal to start to warmer than normal by later May. It also overall suggests wetter than normal with a possible switch to drier than normal by May or June.

    The outlook for summer growing season calls for warmer and drier than normal from the latest climate models.

  5. Steps to keep Palmer amaranth out of your operation

    Author(s): Mark Loux

    As of the end of 2016, Palmer amaranth had been found in 18 Ohio counties, and the majority of it is resistant to both glyphosate and ALS-inhibiting herbicides (site 2) based on OSU greenhouse screening.  Not all of these “finds” represent problem infestations, and in some cases the potential for a few plants to become an established patch was remedied by timely removal and subsequent monitoring.  There are however a number of fields where Palmer became well established and effective control has since required extremely comprehensive herbicide programs combined with removal be hand.  This past growing season, three soybean fields were so densely infested with Palmer that they had to be mowed down in early August.  At that point, the only recommendation we could make was mowing, to prevent the production of massive amounts of additional seed, in order to at least limit somewhat how bad future infestations were going to be (photos of this on our blog – u.osu.edu/osuweeds).  These infestations obviously started prior to this year, and were ignored, allowing them to continue to increase to the point of disaster.  This scenario is of course what occurred in many fields in the southern US as Palmer spread and took over fields.  In this article we cover the relative importance of the various paths of Palmer amaranth introduction in to Ohio fields so far, and the steps growers can take to prevent infestations from becoming established.

    1.  Use cotton feed products from the south by animal operations, and subsequent spread of manure from these operations onto crop fields, has been responsible for most of the infestations in Ohio so far.  Palmer is widespread in cotton fields in the south so the cotton harvest byproducts that are shipped to Ohio for use as feed have a high potential to contain Palmer seed.

    Action items:  a) avoid use of these feed products, b) educate animal operations in your area about this issue; c) if still using these feed products, find out whether the supplier has taken any steps to remove Palmer seed prior to shipping them here; d) if possible, store manure in pits for a period of time prior to spreading, which may reduce the seed viability at least somewhat. 

    2.  Field to field spread by local equipment has occurred in a few areas of the state, primarily via combines that are used in Palmer-infested fields without subsequent complete cleanout (and it’s impossible to get all Palmer seed out of a combine anyway). 

    Action items:  a) if hiring custom harvesters, find out whether the combine has previously been in fields infested with Palmer; b) ask the custom harvest operator what his philosophy is with regard to harvesting very weedy fields or those infested with Palmer - does he avoid these fields, are cleanout procedures used? 

    3.  Purchase of used equipment that came from the south is known to be the source of several infestations in one area of the state.  In this case a used combine was purchased from a local equipment dealer, but apparently originated in Georgia.

    Action items:  a) when purchasing used equipment, especially combines, know the full history; and b) avoid purchase of combines from Palmer-infested areas.

    4.  Contamination of seed used for establishment of cover crops, CREP and similar areas, pollinator areas, wildlife areas, etc.  We should say at the outset here that as far as we know this has been the source of only two infestations of Palmer amaranth in Ohio – one in Scioto County that may have started in about 2007, and one in Madison County several years ago that was torn up to prevent future problems and so did not turn into an established infestation.  However, a pollinator seeding program in Iowa this year resulted in many new introductions of Palmer amaranth due to the contamination of pollinator seed with Palmer seed.  (A recent Ohio Farmer article on this subject made it look like Armageddon was about to occur here in Ohio based on the problems that occurred farther west, which is an overstatement.  It stated that two counties were “infected” with Palmer due to contamination of CREP, when the reality is that there are three infested fields in Scioto County.  The introduction in Madison County was largely eradicated). 

    Much of this type of seed is produced farther west (Kansas, Texas, etc), or

    in the south in the case of warm-season grasses, in areas that can be abundantly infested with Palmer amaranth.  Palmer amaranth is not a noxious weed in the western states at least.  The Catch 22 is that while seed sold for use here is not supposed to contain seed of Palmer amaranth or other weeds designated as noxious in Ohio, the fact that Palmer is not a noxious wee