Corn Planting Progress in Ohio

I have heard comments recently expressing concern that corn acreage planted to date is less than normal. According to the National Agricultural Statistics Service (http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Ohio/Publications/Crop_Prog...), for the week ending April 13 no appreciable acreage of corn had been planted in Ohio (0%), which compared to 1% last year and 2% for the five year average.

The table below shows corn planting progress (percentage of acres planted) in April and May for the past 15 years. This historical data shows that the percentage of corn acres planted by April 15 is usually very limited averaging 2% and ranging from 0 to 10%. By April 20, the percentage of corn acreage planted was 10% or greater in only four of the 15 years, and by April 25, it was 10% or greater in only six of the 15 years. By April 30, the percentage of corn acres planted was 10% or greater in nine of the 15 years but in only 3 of the 15 years did the % acreage planted exceed 50%. In 2005, 55% of the corn acreage was planted by April 25 but snow and freezing rains in late April resulted in considerable replanting in early May.

The data also show that in most years, even those with slow starts due to persistent cold weather in April, 60 percent or more of corn acres were planted by May 10, which is within the optimal planting date window. The recommended time for planting corn in northern Ohio is April 15 to May 10 and in southern Ohio, April 10 to May 10. 

Progress of corn planting, Ohio 1999-2013.

Date

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

 

-------------------------------------------------% corn planted--------------------------------------------------

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

April 10

-

-

2

1

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

4

0

April 15

6

2

3

2

2

2

0

2

1

0

1

4

0

10

0

April 20

8

3

3

2

4

11

26

6

3

0

2

17

0

27

1

April 25

9

5

7

4

18

30

55

19

10

6

4

45

1

44

1

April 30

20

7

22

7

43

44

59

43

22

18

9

58

1

60

2

May 5

44

33

64

11

83

57

66

68

35

33

16

69

1

73

7

May 10

74

62

85

15

85

65

76

79

82

46

22

77

3

82

46

Source: USDA/NASS, Annual Statistics Bulletins, 1999-2013; USDA/NASS, Crop Progress and Condition Reports, 1999-2014

About the C.O.R.N. Newsletter

C.O.R.N. Newsletter is a summary of crop observations, related information, and appropriate recommendations for Ohio crop producers and industry. C.O.R.N. Newsletter is produced by the Ohio State University Extension Agronomy Team, state specialists at The Ohio State University and the Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center (OARDC). C.O.R.N. Newsletter questions are directed to Extension and OARDC state specialists and associates at Ohio State.