It's Not Too Late to Plant Wheat…If the Weather Cooperates

Cool, wet weather and delayed soybean harvest may result in planting wheat late.  Generally, the best time to plant wheat is the 10-day period starting the day after the fly-free-safe date.  In northern Ohio, we are close to the end of that 10-day period.  In central and southern Ohio, we still have about a week before the end of the 10-day period.  When wheat is planted more than 10-days after the fly-free-safe date, there is an increased chance of reduced fall growth and reduced winter hardiness.  The effect of planting date on wheat yield is shown in Figure 6-2 of the Ohio Agronomy Guide.

The optimum seeding rate is 1.2 to 1.6 million seeds per acre when planting during the first two weeks following the fly-free-safe date.  As we enter three to four weeks after the fly-free-safe date, a seeding rate of 1.6 to 2.0 million seeds per acre is recommended.

There is still time to plant wheat, but the window is closing.  Wheat planted 3-4 weeks after the fly-free-safe date can achieve the same yield as earlier planted wheat if freezing weather does not occur until late November or early December.

Crop Observation and Recommendation Network

C.O.R.N. Newsletter is a summary of crop observations, related information, and appropriate recommendations for Ohio crop producers and industry. C.O.R.N. Newsletter is produced by the Ohio State University Extension Agronomy Team, state specialists at The Ohio State University and the Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center (OARDC). C.O.R.N. Newsletter questions are directed to Extension and OARDC state specialists and associates at Ohio State.

Author(s):