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Corn Newsletter : 2019-01
2018 eFields Research Report Available January 9th
High quality, relevant information is key to making the right management decisions for your farm. The eFields program at The Ohio State University was created to provide local information about critical issues for Ohio agriculture. The 2018 eFields Research Report highlighting 95 on-farm, field scale trials conducted in 25 Ohio counties will be released on January 9th. Research topics include nutrient management, precision seeding, crop management, soil compaction management, remote sensing, and data analysis and management. To help identify trial locations that are similar to your operation, each study includes information about weather, soil types, and management practices. Additionally, economic analysis was added to select trials this year. QR codes that link to videos featuring the researchers and partner farmers are available in the report.
The 2018 report is now available in both a print and e-version. To receive a printed copy, contact your local OSU Extension office or email email@example.com. The e-version can be viewed and downloaded at go.osu.edu/eFields.
The eFields team has planned four regional results meetings to discuss local results and gather information about research interests for 2019. There is no cost to attend; for more information or to register for a meeting, visit go.osu.edu/eFieldsMeeting. Please plan to join us for the meeting nearest you:
Southwest Region: February 13th, 9AM-12PM, Wilmington
Northwest Region: February 20th, 9AM-12PM, Wauseon
East Region: February 27th, 5-8:30PM, Massillon
West Central Region: February 28th, 9AM-12PM, Piqua
We would like to sincerely thank all of our 2018 collaborating farms and industry partners. The eFields team enjoys working with each of you and we are looking forward to continuing to learn together in 2019.
Follow our social media @OhioStatePA on Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram or subscribe to our quarterly newsletter, Digital Ag Download (go.osu.edu/DigitalAgDownload), to keep up with the eFields program throughout the year. For more information on how to get involved in eFields in 2019, contact Elizabeth Hawkins at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Winter Application of ManureAuthor(s): Glen Arnold, CCA
This past fall was particularly tough on livestock producers and commercial manure applicators trying to land apply livestock manure. Weather conditions were warmer and wetter than normal with the Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center (OARDC) station at South Charleston recording 32 days with measurable rainfall totaling 9.91 inches in November and December. In these same two months the OARDC station at Hoytville recorded 24 days with measurable rainfall totaling 6.04 inches. The wet weather prevented many acres of cover crops being planted and has severely limited the number of days that field conditions were dry enough or frozen enough for manure application equipment to operate.
A substantial number of livestock producers across the state will be looking to apply manure as soon as farm fields are frozen enough to support application equipment. Permitted farms are not allowed to apply manure in the winter unless it is an extreme emergency, and then movement to other suitable storage is usually the selected alternative. This article is for non-permitted livestock operations.
In the Grand Lake St Marys watershed, the winter manure application ban from December 15th to March 1st is still in effect. Thus, no manure application would normally be allowed in January and February.
In the Western Lake Erie Basin (WLEB) watershed, the application of manure to frozen and snow-covered soils require there to be a growing crop in the field. This could be a pasture, alfalfa, clover, ryegrass or a rape crop. There must be enough vegetation visible to provide 90% cover of residue and growing vegetation, Radishes and oats would not qualify as a growing crop as both are typically winter killed. Manure can be applied to fields without growing crops if the manure is incorporated at the time of application or incorporated within 24 hours of application.
The rainfall rule for surface manure application in the WLEB is a weather forecast saying “not greater than a 50% chance of a half inch or more of rain in the next 24 hours”. It is advisable to print out the weather forecast when you start applying manure so you have the needed proof if an unexpected storm drenches the area. Weather.gov is the most commonly accepted website for this forecast.
Although not required by law, winter manure application should follow the NRCS 590 standards, which limit solid manure application amounts to five tons per acre and liquid manure application amounts to 5,000 gallons per acre. These have 200 foot setback distances from ditches, streams and creeks and must be on slopes of less than 6% and less than 20 acre areas in size without additional buffers.
For liquid manure applicators, examine fields for tile blowouts, monitor tile outlets before, during, and after manure application and any other situations that might allow manure to reach surface waters.
2018 Northwest Ohio Corn Silage Test
In 2018, 63 corn silage hybrids representing 16 commercial brands were evaluated in a joint trial with Michigan State University (MSU). One Ohio location is combined with Michigan's two southern (Zone 1) silage locations. The trials were divided into two maturity groups designated early and full season on the basis of the relative maturity (RM) submitted by the companies with results listed in separate tables. The Ohio test site was located in our Northwest Region at Hoytville (Wood County). The two MSU sites were located in Branch and Lenawee counties, which are on the Ohio/Michigan state line. The test results from the three 2018 locations are treated as one region. The plots were planted with 4-row Almaco SeedPro 360 plot planters and maintained by each respective state utilizing standard agronomic production practices. The center two rows were harvested using MSU’s New Holland T6.175 tractor which powered a two-row Champion C1200 Kemper forage harvester with a rear mounted Haldrup M-63 Weigh system.
Silage tests were harvested uniformly as close to half milk line as possible. Near- Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) analysis was performed by MSU using their current procedures. Silage results present the percent dry matter of each hybrid plus green weight and dry weight as tons per acre. Other data presented include percent stand, the percentage of in vitro digestible dry matter, acid detergent fiber, neutral detergent fiber, neutral detergent fiber digestibility, crude protein and starch. Milk production in pounds per ton and pounds per acre were estimated using MILK2006 (UW-Madison Dairy Science Department).
A complete summary of the Ohio results are available online at: http://www.oardc.ohio-state.edu/silagetrials. More information on procedures and additional 2018 MSU silage test data can be viewed online at: http://www.varietytrials.msu.edu/corn. For more information on Ohio State crop variety testing, visit: http://u.osu.edu/perf.
WEST CENTRAL OHIO WEED SCIENCE DAYAuthor(s): Dennis Riethman
Mercer County OSU Extension will host the 2019 West Central Ohio Weed Science Day. The program will be held on January 17, 2019, at the Knights of St. John Hall, 8608 St. Rt. 119, Maria Stein, Ohio, beginning at 9:00 a.m. The program will address the current weed situation in area fields along with weed identification and understanding herbicide site of action. Dr. Jeff Stachler, Auglaize County OSU Extension educator, and Harold Watters, OSU Extension Agronomic Crop Specialist, will be discussing Weed ID, Herbicide Site of Action and Weed Management Stategies. Peggy Hall, Director, OSU Agricultural & Resource Law Program, will also give an explanation of the Noxious Weed Law.
Dr. Jeff Stachler stated, “This is a meeting you don’t want to miss! With the increasing presence of giant ragweed, marestail and waterhemp in soybean fields, along with increased weed resistance to herbicides, a well thoughtout plan must be developed to achieve weed control success”.
There is no cost to attend the event but, preregistration is required by January 10, 2019. Call the Mercer County OSU Extension Office at 419-586-2179 or emal Denny Riethman at email@example.com to reserve your spot for the program. A free lunch will be provided for all those who register along with a 2019 Weed Control Guide. Following the lunch, Dicamba Certification Training will be conducted by BASF.
Last Week to Register for NW Ohio Corn-Soybean Day in Archbold on January 18Author(s): Eric Richer, CCA
The annual Northwest Ohio Corn & Soybean Day is scheduled for Friday, January 18th in Founders Hall at Sauder Village in Archbold from 8:30 am to 4 pm. The program has a variety of speakers, including farmer/retailer re-certification credits and 30 exhibitors sharing information on management practices for the 2019 crop production season. This year’s Corn-Soybean Day offers the three-hour private Pesticide applicator re-certification (CORE, 1, 2, 6), also one hour of re-certification for fertilizer applicators (15) as well as 4.5 hours of Certified Crop Advisor (CCA) credits. Commercial pesticide applicators can also receive 2.5 hours of recertification (CORE, 2A, 2C, 10C).
Topics and speakers for the day include:
On Field Ohio…Identifying Erosion & P Runoff Risk
Libby Dayton, Ohio State University
Implementing Cover Crops…How, Why, Economics
Sarah Noggle, OSU Extension, Paulding County
PANEL: Farm Mgmt. Decisions for Sustainability on Our Farm
Using eFields to Drive Corn Nitrogen Decisions
Elizabeth Hawkins, OSU Extension Field Specialist
Spring Management of Wheat
Ed Lentz, OSU Extension, Hancock County
Soybean Traits & Pest Concerns from 2018
Eric Richer, OSU Extension, Fulton County
Grain Storage Issues/Fumigation
Bruce Clevenger, OSU Extension, Defiance County
Forage & Livestock Management (Category 2)
Garth Ruff, OSU Extension, Henry County
Again the following continuing education credits for pesticide and fertilizer applicators are offered throughout the day:
- Private Pesticide Applicator Re-certification: 3hrs in categories Core, 1, 2, and 6.
- Commercial Pesticide Applicator Re-certification: 2.5hrs in categories Core, 2A, 2C, 10C
- Fertilizer Applicator Re-certification (Private & Commercial): 1hr category 15p/15c
- Michigan: 4 hours
- Certified Crop Advisors: 4.5 hours CM, IPM, NM, and SW
Pre-registration is $35 and should be postmarked by January 7. Later registrations and at the door registrations are $50, space permitting. Registration includes coffee/rolls, lunch, and speaker materials. A more detailed agenda, list of sponsors and registration information can be found at http://fulton.osu.edu. Contact Eric Richer, Extension Educator, Agriculture & Natural Resources, 419-337-9210 or firstname.lastname@example.org for more information.
Northwest Ohio Crops Day A Great Opportunity for NW OHAuthor(s): Garth Ruff
Join OSU Extension at the Bavarian Haus, just outside of Deshler, Ohio on Friday, February 8, 2019 starting at 8:30 a.m. to 3:30 for the second annual Northwest Ohio Crops Day. Find answers to your agronomy questions, obtain private pesticide applicator and fertilizer recertification, and CCA education hours as you prepare for the next growing season. This year we are pleased to have Gary Schnitkey from the University of Illinois to discuss grain storage options. The entire speaker and topic lineup for the day will include the following:
Welcome and Introduction
Garth Ruff, Henry Co. ANR Ext. Educator
Problem Weeds ID & Control
Jeff Stachler, OSU Extension Auglaize Co.
Precision Ag Update & eFields
Elizabeth Hawkins, OSU Extension Field Specialist
Rising the Tri-State Fertilizer Recommendations
Steve Culman, OSU Soil Fertility Specialist
Grain Marketing: Store It or Sell It?
Gary Schintkey, U. of Illinois Ag. Economist
Management Considerations for Wheat
Ed Lentz, OSU Extension Hancock Co.
Fumigating Stored Grain
Bruce Clevenger, OSU Extension Defiance Co.
Coshocton and Muskingum County Extension for the 2019 Agronomy School!Author(s): Clifton Martin, CCA
Featured presentations include…
Grain Commodity Economics
Corn and soybean prices could not have been more different from the start of 2018 to the end of 2018, as decreasing world stocks and growing demand provided positive outlooks in the first half of the year contrasted with global trade tensions and record U.S. production in the second half of the year. What price range can be expected in 2019 and what does that mean for Ohio producers?
It only happens once in a 5 to 7 year span, but the U.S. Farm Bill included major implications for producers and sets the bedrock of farm risk management. Farm bills happen in two phases: the legislative phase where Congress writes and passes amendments to U.S. farm policy, and the implementation phase by government agencies like the Farm Service Agency and the Risk Management Agency. The legislative process is finished and assumptions can be made about the implementation phase and what that means for Ohio producers and federal risk management offered for agriculture the next five years.
Manure is a good source of nutrients, but like any fertilizer material it needs to be used appropriately. This presentation will cover manure use within the context of a 4 R program and current regulations. Determining an appropriate manure application rate involves soil testing, manure nutrient analysis, crop yield goals and manure spreader calibration.
Waterhemp continues to increase throughout Ohio and will cause growers to spend $5 to $30.00 more per acre to manage depending upon current practices. Giant ragweed is also increasing in Ohio and forces the use of a preemergence herbicides followed by two postemergence herbicide applications.
Get the most out of your corn input decisions and maximize an efficient use of nitrogen in your program.
Certified Crop Advisor Credits Available
Fertilizer Applicator Certification Credits Available
Complimentary Copy of OSU Weed Control Guide
January 29, 2019
9:00 AM to 3:00 PM
Dresden United Methodist Church
1014 Main Street
Dresden, Ohio 43821
$30 per person-RSVP by Jan 23
Wyandot Agronomy DayAuthor(s): Jason Hartschuh, CCA
Wyandot Agronomy day will be held on January 29th from 9:00 to 3:30 at the Sycamore Community Center, 3498 St Rt 103, Sycamore Ohio 44882. Featured Presentations will include Dr. Pierce Paul presenting on Corn and Wheat Disease and Dr. Aaron Wilson on Todays Weather and Climate. Other presentations by local educators will cover all pesticide categories and fertilizer for recertification credits. The program includes lunch and will cost $50 including recertification credits if you wish to attend and do not need recertification credits the program will only cost $20. For more information and to register see the flier or call 419-562-8731
Creating a herbicide program to match your farms needs
Managing disease in forage crops
Applying Nutrient management BMPS on your farm
Conservation Tillage Club Breakfast SeriesAuthor(s): Mark Badertscher
The 2019 Conservation Tillage Club breakfast program series will begin on Tuesday, January 8 at the Plaza Inn Restaurant in Mt. Victory. Each session will start at 7:30 am with a complimentary buffet breakfast followed by the program at 8:00 am. Other sessions will be held on January 22, February 5 and 19.
On January 8, the program will feature Dr. Mark Loux, OSU Extension State Specialist in Weed Science speaking on No Pigweed Left Behind. Western Ohio and other areas of the state have seen the recent spread of waterhemp and Palmer amaranth beginning to infest fields. These pigweeds are currently resistant to three herbicide modes of action in Ohio and because they are genetically diverse, have the ability to become resistant to other chemicals in a short period of time. Once they do, they become difficult and expensive to control and can rapidly decrease the profitability of a field. The presentation at the Conservation Tillage Club breakfast will focus on how to prevent the spread of these weeds, as well as how to manage them once they do show their presence in a field. Dr. Loux’s presentation will also address other resistant weeds that are difficult to control.
The January 22 program will feature Bailey Elchinger, an INTL FC Stone, Risk Management Consultant with Grains. Her presentation will focus on the 2019 Grain Marketing Outlook. After experiencing a high yielding growing season this year with lower grain prices, farmers are looking for marketing tips to make the new year more profitable. World events such as trade with China, changing weather patterns, production in other crop producing areas, and the abundant supply of grains have had an impact on the current markets. Elchinger will discuss some of these events and how they could impact market projections for 2019. Her presentation will also provide some insight about grain marketing options to consider and tools that producers might use to help reduce risk and gain better insight to help make better marketing decisions.
February 5 Dr. Pierce Paul, OSU Extension State Specialist in Corn and Small Grain Diseases will speak to the Conservation Tillage Club about Corn Diseases. Although the current crop season started out with few corn diseases, gray leaf spot and northern corn leaf blight did appear in some area corn fields. Later in the growing season, some farmers experienced corn ear rots which had an impact on grain quality. Dr. Paul will discuss these and other disease issues in corn production, providing recommendations for effective control. Deciding when the disease reaches an economic threshold for fungicide treatment is only one factor to consider. The other one is the window of opportunity to make application for best control. Producers will learn about these topics as well as choosing a disease resistance package while selecting the best hybrid for a field will be part of this meeting’s message.
The February 19 program will feature an interactive panel discussion of “Agriculture in 2030: A Look at Innovation through the Next Generation’s Eyes” presented by the Ridgemont FFA chapter. The discussion will focus on changes seen by current farmers since they began their operations, today’s agricultural technology, and changes that are predicted for the future. Topics may include artificial intelligence, crop production advances, 3-D printing of replacement parts, animal agriculture progression, greenhouse systems management, adult farmer education delivery, and the impact of alternative fuels. Attendees to this breakfast meeting will be challenged to think outside of the box to consider the possible impact these future changes may have on current and future operations.
The Conservation Tillage Club breakfast program series is jointly sponsored by OSU Extension and the Soil and Water Conservation Districts of Hardin, Logan, and Union Counties, and in cooperation with the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Contributions to meeting planning and presentation are being provided by the Ridgemont FFA. Breakfast is courtesy of the generous support from agricultural lenders and agricultural businesses. All events are open to the public and no advance registration is required. Continuing education credits for Certified Crop Advisers is pending.
About the C.O.R.N. Newsletter
C.O.R.N. Newsletter is a summary of crop observations, related information, and appropriate recommendations for Ohio crop producers and industry. C.O.R.N. Newsletter is produced by the Ohio State University Extension Agronomy Team, state specialists at The Ohio State University and the Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center (OARDC). C.O.R.N. Newsletter questions are directed to Extension and OARDC state specialists and associates at Ohio State.
The information presented here, along with any trade names used, is supplied with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement is made by Ohio State University Extension is implied. Although every attempt is made to produce information that is complete, timely, and accurate, the pesticide user bears responsibility of consulting the pesticide label and adhering to those directions.
CFAES provides research and related educational programs to clientele on a nondiscriminatory basis. For more information, visit cfaesdiversity.osu.edu. For an accessible format of this publication, visit cfaes.osu.edu/accessibility.