Corn Newsletter : 2019-02

  1. 2019 Outlook Meetings to be held Across Ohio

    Author(s): Amanda Douridas

    Ohio State University Extension is pleased to announce the 2019 Agricultural Outlook Meetings! In 2019 there will be seven locations in Ohio. Each location will have a presentation on Commodity Prices- Today’s YoYo. Additional topics vary by location and include U.S. Trade Policy: Where is it Headed, Examining the 2019 Ohio Farm Economy, Weather Outlook, Dairy Production Economics Update, Beef and Dairy Outlook, Consumer Trends, and Farm Tax Update.

    Join the faculty from Ohio State University Extension and Ohio State Department of Agricultural, Environmental, and Developmental Economics as they discuss the issues and trends affecting agriculture in Ohio. Each meeting is being hosted by a county OSU Extension Educator to provide a local personal contact for this meeting. A meal is provided with each meeting and included in the registration price. Questions can be directed to the local host contact.

    The outlook meeting are scheduled for the following dates and locations:

    Date: January 24, 2019 Time: 9:00 am – 12:00 noon Speakers: Barry Ward, Ben Brown, David Marrison Location: St Mary’s Hall 46 East Main St. Wakeman, OH 44889 Cost: No Charge; $20.00 if past deadline RSVP: Call OSU Extension, Huron County 419-668-8219 By: January 22nd More information can be found at: http://huron.osu.edu

    Date: January 28, 2019 Time: 6:00 pm – 9:00 pm Speakers: Ian Sheldon, Ben Brown, Aaron Wilson Location: Jewell Community Center Cost: $10.00 (after deadline $20.00) RSVP: OSU Extension, Defiance County 419-782-4771 By: January 22nd More information can be found at: http://defiance.osu.edu

    Date: January 30, 2019 Time: 9:30 am – 3:30 pm Speakers: Ian Sheldon, Ben Brown, Barry Ward, Dianne Shoemaker, David Marrison, Kenneth Burdine Location: Fisher Auditorium Cost: $15.00 RSVP: Call OSU Extension, Wayne County 330-264-8722 By: January 24th More information can be found at: http://wayne.osu.edu

    Date: February 13, 2019 Time: 5:30 pm – 9:00 pm Speakers: Barry Ward, Ben Brown, Ian Sheldon Location: Wayside Chapel, 2341 Kerstetter Rd.,  Bucyrus OH 44820 Cost: $15.00 RSVP: Call OSU Extension, Crawford County 419-562-8731 or email hartschuh.11@osu.edu By: February 5th More information can be found at: http://crawford.osu.edu

    Date: March 22, 2019 Time: 11:00 am – 4:00 pm Speakers: Barry Ward, Ben Brown, David Marrison, Ian Sheldon Location: Chamber Ag Day / Ag Outlook meeting, Darke County Romers 118 E Main St., Greenville Registration Flyer: http://go.osu.edu/2019darkeagoutlook Cost: $20 RSVP: Darke County Extension office at 937-548-5215 By: March 16th More information can be found at: http://darke.osu.edu

     

  2. Northern Ohio Crops Day

    Author(s): Allen Gahler

    Northern Ohio Crops Day, held annually on the first Thursday in February at Ole Zim’s Wagon Shed near Gibsonburg, Ohio in Sandusky County is all set for another outstanding program that the progressive grain crop producer will not want to miss. 

    Thursday, February 7, 2019, the program will begin at 8:30 a.m. with a look at fungicide use in alfalfa led by Jason Hartschuh, Ag Educator in Crawford County.  Alan Sundermeier, Ag Educator in Wood County will then provide an update on the status of palmer amaranth and waterhemp in the area along with management strategies.  A discussion on temperature inversions and their impact on our spray practices will be led by OSU Extension climatologist Aaron Wilson.

             Greg Labarge, OSU Extension agronomic systems specialist will give an update on where we’ve been and what we’ve learned on Lake Erie, phosphorous, and water quality, and Andrew Kleinschmidt from OSU’s Ag Engineering department will present research findings on high speed planters and pinch row mitigation. 

    Chris Zoller, Ag Educator in Tuscarawas County will lead a discussion on financial strategies and farm management in difficult economic times, and Allen Gahler, Ag Educator in Sandusky County will present local research findings from a study analyzing the use of cover crops as forages for livestock feed. 

    CCA credits will be available.  Pesticide license holders that attend the entire program will receive 3 hours of certification including all categories, and commercial credits will be available as well. Fertilizer re-certification will be covered beginning at 1:00 p.m.  Registration is open at 8:00 a.m. with morning refreshments and time to visit with local sponsors, and the program beginning at 8:30.  Lunch will be served by the Ole Zims staff.  Sponsors include several local ag businesses, and plenty of time will be available for participants to visit their display tables.  There is a $50 registration fee for the program, which includes all certification credits, and pre-registration is required by calling the Sandusky County Extension office at 419-334-6340 or by emailing Allen Gahler at gahler.2@osu.edu

  3. Certified Livestock Manager Training February 6th & 7th

    Author(s): Glen Arnold, CCA

    The 2019 Certified Livestock Manager (CLM) training will be on Wednesday February 6th and Thursday February 7th at the Ohio Department of Agriculture’s (ODA) Reynoldsburg campus.

    A Certified Livestock Manager (CLM) certification is required for any of the following:

    1. For a Major Concentrated Animal Feeding Facility (MCAFF) with 10,000 or more cattle; 7,000 or more mature dairy cattle; 10,000 or more veal calves; 25,000 swine over 55 lbs. or 100,000 swine under 55 lbs.; 550,000 or more turkeys, or 820,000 laying hens with other than a liquid manure system. Other requirements for a CLM are in Section 903.07 of the Oho Revised Code (ORC) and Rule 901:10-1-06 of the Ohio Administrative Code (OAC).
       
    2. For a person who is a livestock manure broker that buys, sells or land applies more than 4,500 dry tons per year or 25 million gallons of liquid manure, or its equivalent.
       
    3. For any person who is livestock manure applicator who land applies and transports more than 4,500 dry tons per year, or 25 million gallons of liquid manure, or its equivalent.

    Registration for the 2019 ODA Certified Livestock Manager training is now open. You can find the registration form and training details on the ODA website by clicking this link. Deadline for registering is Friday, February 1st.

    In order to obtain or maintain the CLM certification, an individual is required to have at least 10 hours of training every three years. These training hours are called continuing education units (CEUs).

    The Midwest Professional Nutrient Applicators Association (MPNAA), the association that represents the interests of Ohio manure applicators, will be having a meeting on Wednesday February 6th at the end of ODA program. The group will then have their annual dinner at City BBQ immediately afterwards. They are always open to new members.

    For any questions related to registration, please contact Nancy Cunningham at 614-728-6356 or nancy.cunningham@agri.ohio.gov.

  4. Changes to labeling for Engenia (BASF), XtendiMax (Monsanto) and FeXapan (DuPont) for 2019

    Both commercial and private applicators should note changes to labeling for Engenia (BASF), XtendiMax (Monsanto) and FeXapan (DuPont) for 2019. If these products will be part of your 2019 herbicide program please review the revised labels and requirements. Of special note is the change that only license applicators can purchase, mix, load, apply or clean application equipment removing the “supervision by a certified applicator” option for these products.

    The complete news release with more details is shown below.

    REYNOLDSBURG, Ohio (Jan. 16, 2019)- The Ohio Department of Agriculture (ODA) is reminding farmers of revised labels and new training requirements for applicators who intend to use dicamba herbicide products this year. In October 2018, U.S. EPA approved revised labels for the three dicamba products that are labeled for use on soybeans: Engenia (BASF), XtendiMax (Monsanto) and FeXapan (DuPont).

    “Like any other product, we want to ensure licensed applicators are properly following label directions as they get ready for this growing season,” said Matt Beal, chief of the ODA Division of Plant Health. “This not only helps ensure the safe use of pesticides, it also helps prevent misuse and mishandling.”

    The manufacturers of these dicamba products also agreed to additional requirements for their products. Some of the requirements include:

    • 2019 labels supersede all prior labels for these products. Applicators must obtain a copy of the new label and must have that label in their possession at the time of use
    • Only certified applicators may purchase and apply the products
      • Those operating under the supervision of a certified applicator may no longer purchase or apply.
      • Anyone who mixes, loads or cleans dicamba application equipment must become licensed.
      • ODA will host additional “Dicamba Ag Only” exams in February and March for those looking to become a certified applicator. Visit agri.ohio.gov for more details.
    • Applicators must complete dicamba-specific training
    • Increased recordkeeping requirements
    • Wind speed restrictions
    • Temperature inversion restrictions
    • Sensitive/susceptible crop consultation
    • Spray system equipment clean-out

    More details on these revisions can be found in the attached fact sheet. Applicators looking for a list of ODA-approved trainings can visit www.agri.ohio.gov. For questions, applicators can contact the ODA Pesticide and Fertilizer Regulation Section at 614-728-6987 or pesticides@agri.ohio.gov.

  5. OSU Agronomy Workshop for Crop Consultants

    Author(s): Kelley Tilmon

    Registration is now open for the OSU Agronomy Workshop for Crop Consultants at this link. Register by Feb. 1.  Workshop is Feb. 8. http://www.cvent.com/d/bvqlpt
     

    ·      When/Where: February 8, 9:00 AM to 3:15 PM at the Schisler Conference Center, OARDC Wooster

    ·      What: An in-depth program on field crop agronomy and pest management designed for crop professionals

    ·      Registration online by credit card only, $70 registration fee, class size limited to 30; registration deadline February 1

    ·      Registration includes refreshments, lunch, and a packet containing OSU field guides and other extension publications

    ·      CCA Credits

    ·      Questions? Contact Kelley Tilmon, Department of Entomology, Tilmon.1@osu.edu

     

    Ohio State University Agronomy Workshop for Crop Consultants

    Frick Room, Schisler Conference Center OARDC, Wooster OH

    February 8, 2019

     

     

    9:00     Registration and refreshments

    9:30     Dr. Joy Pierzynski, OSU C. Wayne Ellett Plant and Pest Diagnostic Clinic:  What can the diagnostic clinic do for you?

    9:45     Dr. Peter Thomison, OSU Department of Horticulture and Crop Science:  New approaches for diagnosing ear development problems in corn

    10:15   Break

    10:30   Dr. Elizabeth Dayton, OSU School of Environment and Natural Resources:  On-Field Ohio and nutrient risks

    11:00   Dr. Laura Lindsey, OSU Department of Horticulture and Crop Science:  Soybean seeding rate and variable rate seeding

    12:00   Lunch (provided)

    12:45   IPM stakeholder feedback session (Jim Jasinsky)

    1:30     Dr. Andy Michel, OSU Department of Entomology:  Are you Bt or not Bt--testing for Bt proteins and determining insect resistance

    1:45     Dr. Kelley Tilmon, OSU Department of Entomology:  Scouting exercise for determining soybean defoliation

    2:00     Dr. Anne Dorrance, OSU Department of Plant Pathology: Host resistance, fungicides or both? How and when should they be combined?

    2:30     Dr. Pierce Paul, OSU Department of Plant Pathology: Corn and wheat disease update

    3:00     Program evaluation

    3:15     Wrap-up and adjourn

  6. Is Foliar Feeding an Economical Way for Organic Dairy Farmers to Boost the Quality and Quantity of Forages?

    Is Foliar Feeding an Economical Way for Organic Dairy Farmers to

    Boost the Quality and Quantity of Forages?

    Full Project Proposal can be found here

    PI: Dr. Douglas Doohan (Professor) & Louceline Fleuridor (Master’s Candidate), OSU/OARDC Horticulture & Crop Science.

    Farmer: Ron Milner (Milner Farms, Holmesville, OH).

    Summary

    This project aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of using repeated foliar applications of plant nutrients to maintain high quality alfalfa and mixed grass forage on organic dairy producer farms. Our results did not show consistent, overwhelming benefits of this practice to maintain or increase forage yield or quality, with effectiveness varying across farm fields, crops and cuttings throughout the growing season.

    What was done? 

    Foliar feeding (application of plant nutrients to leaves) is becoming an increasingly popular practice used by organic dairy producers to manage forage quality throughout the growing season. However, the few scientific studies investigating this practice do not support its effectiveness, especially considering farmer investment in foliar nutrient products. We conducted an experiment in 2018 on seven alfalfa-mixed grass forage sites of four organic dairy farms in Wayne and Holmes Counties. The experimental design was a randomized complete block (RCB) with four replications of two treatments: Treatment

    #1, control (standard organic management program), which typically involves the application of organic manure in the fall and again in spring, and Treatment #2, the standard management program plus foliar application of a custom blend of two SoilBiotics products, Organic Blend 5-0-0 (9 L/ha) and eFISHnt 5-1-2 (18 L/ha). Treatment #2 was applied at first green-up and 10 days after each cutting for three applications. We collected data after treatment but before the next cutting to estimate forage yield (based on dry weight of biomass samples), in-field plant health (based on NDVI, normalized difference vegetation index), and various forage quality parameters: crude protein, soluble protein, acid neutral detergent fiber, relative forage quality, relative forage value and Brix (sugar content) (based on lab tests of fresh samples). We also collected soil and tissue samples for mineral nutrient analysis before and after the growing season. We performed analysis of variance (ANOVA) (PROC GLM procedure in SAS 9.4) to determine significance between the treatments for any variables measured.

    What were the results?

    The foliar feeding practice did not increase yield or in-field plant health for any of the sites and cuttings. While a few forage quality parameters were significantly higher or lower than the controlled areas, the inconsistency across sites and cuttings limited the inferences that can be made. No visually detectable effects were observed between the foliar-fed plots and the untreated plots.

    How have the results contributed, or will they contribute to sustainable agriculture?

    Organic dairy operations in Ohio and elsewhere face considerable challenges to stay in the market, and they are forced to minimize their production costs. Foliar feeding is a unique approach to survive in a struggling market, giving hope of a much higher quality feed product through a practice that is convenient and relatively inexpensive. However, most, if not all, foliar feeding recommendations come either from business owners or other farmers, with no scientific evidence that this practice is effective. It is important for universities to contribute with research that can help increase understanding of the validity of this practice or improve its efficiency. The results of this experiment were shared with farmers through one-on-one meetings that involved cooperating farmers and foliar fertilizer company representatives to discuss directions of future trials and recommendations for product improvement. More importantly, this project involved organic farmers, the industry (SoilBiotics) and the university, providing a tremendous opportunity for all three groups to learn and work together for the betterment of farmers and sustainable agricultural production.

  7. Optimizing Anaerobic Soil Disinfestation to Increase Ohio Strawberry Productivity

    Full Project Summay can be found here

    Introduction: Black root rot of strawberry is a destructive disease caused by one or more multiple fungal pathogens including Fusarium spp., Rhizoctonia spp. and, Phythium spp. Black root rot can occur on strawberry produced using matted rows and black plastic. Historically, soil fumigation with methyl bromide was used to control black root rot.  However, methyl bromide is no longer registered for strawberries in Ohio. Other soil fumigants can be used but they typically don’t control all of the pathogens responsible for black root. Four to five years of rotating out of strawberries can lower black root rot incidence and severity but long rotations are not economical for strawberry growers. Anaerobic soil disinfestation (ASD) is a relatively new practice that encourages anaerobic decomposition of carbon based amendments, allowing for the accumulation of volatile compounds that kill pathogens and weed seeds. In tomatoes and other vegetable crop production systems one ASD treatment has been shown to control soilborne diseases for 2-3 years. Anaerobic soil disinfestation is a promising tool for strawberry growers to manage black root rot (and weeds) and will work directly in conjunction with current plasticulture production systems. The objectives of this project were to evaluate the efficacy of ASD in reducing black root rot disease incidence and severity on strawberry and to identify the most effective and economical carbon source to be used against black root rot during ASD.

    Methods: An on-farm trial to evaluate ASD was initiated at Catalpa Grove Farm. Two carbon sources (wheat bran and molasses), a mixture of the two carbon sources, a chemical control (azoxystrobin plus aluminum tris) and a non-treated control (Table 1) were evaluated in a field with a history of black root rot disease. The trial consisted of four replications. Carbon treatments were incorporated into the test plots on 17 Jul, flooded, and covered with black plastic. Ten soil temperature probes were randomly placed under the black plastic to monitor soil temperature and removed on 2 Nov. Bare root strawberry (cv. Chandler) plants were planted on 5 Sep. Transplants for the chemical treatment were dipped in a mixture of azoxystrobin (8 fl oz/100 gal) and aluminum tris (2.5 lb/100 gal) prior to planting. Foliar disease incidence was rated on 5 Oct, 19 Oct and 2 Nov. Foliar disease incidence will be rated an addition two times in the spring and root disease severity will also be assessed (see proposal).

    Project timeline.

    Because new strawberry plantings are planted in the fall (September to October), the anticipated grant period is July 2018 to March 2019. Recognizing that this does not fit into the granting period of the Paul C. and Edna H. Warner Endowment Fund for Sustainable Agriculture we request that the final report be allowed to submitted no later than April 1, 2019.  A project report summary that includes items described in this request for proposals would still be submitted by December 29, 2018.

    The anticipated grant period is 07/01/18 to 3/1/19.

    Task

    Month(s)

    ASD Treatment

    July to August 2018

    Strawberry Planting

    September to October 2018

    Disease Assessment

    October 2018 to February 2019

    Data Analysis

    March 2019

    Research Conclusion

    March 2019

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About the C.O.R.N. Newsletter

C.O.R.N. Newsletter is a summary of crop observations, related information, and appropriate recommendations for Ohio crop producers and industry. C.O.R.N. Newsletter is produced by the Ohio State University Extension Agronomy Team, state specialists at The Ohio State University and the Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center (OARDC). C.O.R.N. Newsletter questions are directed to Extension and OARDC state specialists and associates at Ohio State.

Contributors

Chris Zoller (Tuscarawas County)
Debbie Brown, CCA (Shelby County)
Elizabeth Hawkins (Field Specialist, Agronomic Systems)
Glen Arnold, CCA (Field Specialist, Manure Nutrient Management )
Jason Hartschuh, CCA (Crawford County)
Les Ober, CCA (Geauga County)
Mike Gastier, CCA (Huron County)
Sam Custer (Darke County)

Disclaimer

The information presented here, along with any trade names used, is supplied with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement is made by Ohio State University Extension is implied. Although every attempt is made to produce information that is complete, timely, and accurate, the pesticide user bears responsibility of consulting the pesticide label and adhering to those directions.

CFAES provides research and related educational programs to clientele on a nondiscriminatory basis. For more information, visit cfaesdiversity.osu.edu. For an accessible format of this publication, visit cfaes.osu.edu/accessibility.