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CFAES Ag Weather System 2022 Near-Surface Air and Soil Temperatures/Moisture (Update 3)

Figure 1: Daily average air temperature (dashed red), two-inch (green) and four-inch (blue) soil temperatures for spring 2022. Current daily average soil temperatures are noted for each location. Soil type and location of measurements (under sod or bare soil) are provided in the lower right corner of each panel. A map of all locations is in the bottom right. Data provided by the College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences (CFAES) Agricultural Research Stations located throughout the state.

Same story as last week, up and down air temperatures led to some overall warming of two- and four-inch soil temperatures. After reaching the mid to upper 50s midweek, colder weather over the weekend brought soil temperatures back down into the upper 40s to low 50s (Fig. 1). Although we started this week out with very cold temperatures for this time of year and even snow in areas on Monday, a nice warming trend this upcoming weekend should lead to a decent climb in soil temperatures this week.    

Figure 2: (Left) Precipitation total through the first 17 days of April 2022. Figure provided by the Midwestern Regional Climate Center. (Right) Calculated soil moisture percentiles as of 4/17/2022 according to the Climate Prediction Center.Precipitation this month through April 17 (Fig. 2- left) shows that much of the state has picked up less than 2” over this time, with heavier pockets of precipitation from Preble County east to Greene County and north through Champaign County. Overall, much of the state is running 50-90% of normal. However, most locations across Ohio have received precipitation on 12-15 of the first 18 days of the month. Clouds and persistent precipitation do not allow the surface to dry effectively, leading to above normal soil moisture (Fig. 2-right).  

For more complete weather records for CFAES research stations, including temperature, precipitation, growing degree days, and other useful weather observations, please visit

Crop Observation and Recommendation Network

C.O.R.N. Newsletter is a summary of crop observations, related information, and appropriate recommendations for Ohio crop producers and industry. C.O.R.N. Newsletter is produced by the Ohio State University Extension Agronomy Team, state specialists at The Ohio State University and the Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center (OARDC). C.O.R.N. Newsletter questions are directed to Extension and OARDC state specialists and associates at Ohio State.